Cancer Cases

Cancer incidence rate refers to the number of new cancers cases occurring in a specified population during a given year, expressed as the number of cancer cases per 100,000 population.1

In 2018, the UK ranked 16th amongst the 31 European countries studied for the incidence of colorectal cancer, with 72 people in every 100,000 being diagnosed with the condition (ranging from 43 cases per 100,000 people in Cyprus to 112 per 100,000 people in Hungary).

The UK's incidence rate for this cancer type was lower than the European average of 74 per 100,000 people.

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Cancer Deaths 

Cancer mortality rate refers to the number of deaths caused by cancer occurring in a specified population during a given year, expressed as the number of cancer deaths per 100,000 population.2

In 2018, the UK ranked 19th amongst the 31 European countries studied for the mortality of colorectal cancer, with 32 in every 100,000 people dying from the condition (ranging from 20 deaths per 100,000 people in Cyprus to 53 per 100,000 people in Croatia).

The UK's mortality rate for this cancer type was lower than the European average of 34 per 100,000 people.

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Downloads:

Note:

  • For this cancer type there is no information available on mortality at a country level for 1995

Reference for text:

2. National Cancer Institute. Cancer Mortality Rates.

References for graphs:


Cancer Survival

Survival refers to the percentage of people that were diagnosed with cancer in a given year and who are still alive after a certain period of time (here defined as 5 years or more after being diagnosed).3

Between 2010 and 2014, the UK ranked 18th amongst the 28 European countries studied for the 5 year survival post-diagnosis of colorectal cancer, with 60% of people surviving 5 years or more after being diagnosed with this cancer type (ranging from 51% survival in Croatia to 72% in Cyprus).

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Uptake of Cancer Medicines

The uptake of colorectal cancer medicines was analysed as sales in standard weekly doses (SWD) per cancer case in individual countries and is displayed in the below graph cumulatively.3

In 2018, the UK's cumulative uptake of colorectal cancer medicines analysed ranked 23rd amongst the 26 European countries studied.

The UK's cumulative uptake for colorectal cancer medicines was the lowest amongst the other EU5 countries – Italy, Germany, France and Spain.

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Downloads:

Notes:

  • The colorectal cancer medicines analysed by IHE were bevacizumab, cetuximab and panitumumab
  • IHE selected a range of medicines launched between 2005-2015 that were identified by oncologists to represent accepted standard treatments and had high volumes of use across European countries. This selection process led to the variation in the number of individual medicines selected for each tumour type. Data was then collected from each country to highlight variation in volumes used as presented in these charts

Reference for text and graphs:

3. Hofmarcher, T et al. (2019) Comparator Report on Cancer in Europe 2019 - Disease Burden, Costs and Access to Medicines. IHE Report 2019:7. IHE: Lund, Sweden

Last modified: 17 October 2021

Last reviewed: 5 November 2021