The private sector produces nearly all the medicines and vaccines available to us. Companies need to make a profit – and a return – on global investment in order to maintain investment in the next generation of medicines.

When setting the price of an individual medicine, companies will consider a number of factors including how well the medicine treats patients, how many patients might benefit from it, the value that health systems might place on a medicine in the disease area in question and the price of competing products.

Click the links below to explore how medicines are researched, developed and priced in the UK.