Major diseases in the UK

​The 10 most common diseases/causes of death in 2011 per 100,000 population in the UK were:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Malignant neoplasm of trachea2
  • Pneumonia1
  • Diseases of pulmonary circulation4
  • Bronchitis, emphysema and COPD3
  • Malignant neoplasm of breast5
  • Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertensive disease


Crude death rates per 100,000 for leading causes of death in the UK, 1970–2011

1970​ 1980​ 1990​ 2000 2008​ ​2009 2010​ 2011​
All deaths​ 1,178​ 1,174​ 1,118​ 1,075.87​ 944.39​ 942.49​ ​944.39 894.29
From natural causes​ 1,131​ 1,131​ 1,075​ 1,038.47 910.46 908.88​ 909.91​ 860.50​
Coronary heart disease​ 290​ 314​ 295​ 210.68​ 143.75​ ​133.91 ​129.40 ​129.40
Cerebrovascular disease​ 165​ 147​ 133​ 103.23​ 86.57​ 80.39​ ​79.29 ​79.29
Malignant neoplasm of trachea2 62​ 71​ 68​ 57.35​ 57.56​ ​56.75 ​56.12 56.12​
Pneumonia1 84​ 104​ 57​ 103.02​ 52.59​ ​48.40 45.62​ ​45.62
Diseases of pulmonary circulation4 ​57 69​ 40​ 46.67​ 44.62​ ​43.61 44.05​ ​44.05
Bronchitis, emphysema and COPD3 -​ -​ -​ 5.44 46.18​ 43.44​ 43.63​ ​43.63
Malignant neoplasm of breast5 -​ -​ -​ 42.54​ 38.87​ 37.42​ 36.86​ 36.86​
Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis​ 3​ 5​ 6​ 9.90​ 12.60​ 11.97​ 12.02​ ​12.02
Diabetes mellitus​ 10​ 10​ 15​ 11.00​ 10.52​ ​9.93 9.93​ ​9.93
​Hypertensive disease ​20 ​11 6​ ​5.53 ​8.06 7.94​ 8.35​ 8.35​
Malignant neoplasm of stomach​ 26​ 22​ 17​ 11.22​ 8.45​ 8.15​ ​7.98 ​7.98
 

Source: OHE Guide to UK Health and Health Care Statistics

Notes 

  1. Including bronchus and lung
  2. From 2001, and in Scotland from 2000, cause of death information is based on ICD10, the 10th version of the International Statistical Classification of Disease and Health Problems, which affected all data but in particular pneumonia. As a result these figures are not strictly compatible with earlier years.
  3. COPD - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  4. Including other forms of heart disease
  5. Per 100,000 female population 
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