1980–1989

Scientist using a liquid scintillation counter


Scientist using a liquid scintillation counter
http://phil.cdc.gov/phil.

​Timeline of key medical research achievements in the 1980s:

1980 

  • Discovery of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) for amplifying DNA (US)

1981 

  • Acyclovir (Wellcome) major treatment for herpes launched
  • Antibiotic Augmentin (Beecham) launched
  • Captopril (Bristol-Myers Squibb) first angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor for high blood pressure
  • Ranitidine (Glaxo) anti-ulcer treatment launched

1982 

  • Fluconazole (Pfizer) key advance in treating fungal infections
  • Sir John Vane awarded Nobel Prize for work on aspirin and prostaglandins

1983 

  • Isolation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) as the cause of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • Sumatriptan (Glaxo) major advance in migraine

1984 

  • Cholestyramine trial shows lowering of cholesterol and coronary heart disease  

1986 

  • ACE inhibitor Enalapril (MSD) launched for high blood pressure
  • Orthoclone (Ortho) for transplantation, first licensed human monoclonal antibody

1987 

  • Zidovudine (Wellcome) first AIDS treatment launched

1988

  • Lisinopril (ICI/Zeneca) ACE inhibitor for hypertension and heart failure
  • Nobel Prize awarded to Sir James Black for medicines discovery
  • Diclofenac (Ciba-Geigy) anti-inflammatory agent, launched
  • Erythropoietin (Janssen-Cilag) natural red blood cell stimulator, launched in the UK

1989 

  • Omeprazole (Astra) launched for gastric ulcers
  • Simvastatin (MSD) launched for lowering blood lipids
  • Fluoxetine (Eli Lilly) launched for depression

Back to 1970–1979
On to 1990–1999

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