1970–1979

Microbiologist inoculating charcoal yeast extract agar alysis


Microbiologist inoculating charcoal yeast extract agar analysis
http://phil.cdc.gov/phil.

Timeline of key medical research achievements in the 1970s:

1970 

  • Levodopa (L-dopa) a major advance in Parkinson’s Disease

1971

  • Mechanism of action of Aspirin discovered by Sir John Vane

1972 

  • Hounsfield develops X-ray computed tomography (CAT-scanning)
  • Becotide (Allen & Hanburys) for asthma
  • Amoxicillin (Beecham) launched

1973 

  • Tamoxifen (ICI) introduced for hormone-dependent tumours

1975 

  • Monoclonal antibodies discovered by Kohler and Milstein (UK)
  • Clozapine (Sandoz) first atypical neuroleptic for schizophrenia enters clinical trial
  • Clotrimazole (Bayer) a major advance in treating fungal infections
  • Nifedipine (Bayer) for angina and hypertension

1976 

  • Atenolol (ICI) a beta-blocker introduced for various heart conditions
  • Cyclosporin (Sandoz) a major advance in transplantation
  • Cimetidine (SmithKline Corporation) launched for peptic ulcers

1977

  • Sanger and colleagues publish first sequence of a whole DNA genome (bacteriophage)

1978 

  • Birth of Louise Brown after Steptoe and Edwards develop In Vitro Fertilisation

1979 

  • Smallpox eradicated from the world
  • Interferon gene first cloned

Back to 1960–1969
On to 1980–1989

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